Every image we see comes through the eye’s lens and is absorbed by the retina, which converts the image to electric signals and transmits them to the brain. Healthy retinas are essential to vision. New York Ophthalmology’s retina care and retina surgery in Manhattan, Brooklyn, the Bronx, and Queens, NYC is led by Dr. Neil Patel, a fellowship-trained vitreoretinal specialist who has performed more than a thousand retina surgeries using the most advanced techniques available.
About the Retina
The retina is a light-sensitive layer that lines the back of the eye. Millions of rods and cones, called photoreceptors, reside on the retina. The optic nerve attached to the retina sends signals to your brain every time you look at an object. During a comprehensive eye exam, Dr. Patel dilates the eyes to get a better look at specific parts of the retina to diagnose any concerns or diseases.
Common Retinal Conditions
Even though retinal conditions and diseases may share similar symptoms, Dr. Patel’s experience and training enable him to accurately diagnose the specific condition and treat it appropriately.
Retinal detachment is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment. A torn or detached retina is often the result of injury, but it can also occur spontaneously, especially among older men and women. A detached retina is separated from the structures that hold it in place and surgery is needed to reattach it. Symptoms of a detached retina that’s not caused by trauma include blurry vision or floaters, which may steadily become more pronounced.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
Age-related macular degeneration is the main cause of vision loss in the developed world. It occurs when the central portion of the retina, called the macula, deteriorates. This causes central vision loss. You may have heard of “dry” and “wet” forms of AMD. Dry AMD is much more common and treatable compared to the much rarer wet form of AMD, which can cause rapid vision loss. Common macular degeneration symptoms include a blind spot in your central vision or distortion of the central vision. Routine eye exams can detect the condition even before you notice any symptoms.
Helping People Is What We Do
We provide eye care for a range of diabetes-related eye diseases. These conditions are a risk of people with type 1, type 2, or gestational diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy occurs when the blood vessels in the eye weaken, break down, and form scar tissue on the retina. The best defense against developing this condition is prevention by managing your diabetes. Our ophthalmologists can help you understand the relationship between poorly managed diabetes and the risk of diabetic retinopathy and other eye diseases.
Retinal Eye Disease Treatments
- Injections: Injecting medication into the eyes can effectively treat macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and certain other eye diseases. Even though it’s natural to flinch at the idea of getting an injection in the eye, the procedure is much more comfortable than most patients expect. In fact, numbing the eye with an anesthetic before the procedure, which can feel like getting soap in the eye, is usually the most uncomfortable part of the treatment. Most medications work by shrinking abnormal blood vessels or by reducing abnormal leakiness of blood vessels.
- Laser surgery: Laser treatments may be used for various retinal disorders. Even though there isn’t a cure for age-related macular degeneration, laser surgery can slow down vision loss. Lasers can also treat diabetic retinopathy and retinal tears. These laser surgeries are performed in our offices and patients typically experience little discomfort during the procedures.
- Vitrectomy surgery: This is the primary surgery for retinal disease. Dr. Patel performs a vitrectomy to treat a number of retinal disorders, such as removing scar tissue from patients with advanced diabetic eye disease. It can also be performed to remove epiretinal membranes, close macular holes, and treat a detached retina. The surgery involves removing gel from the center of the eye and replacing it with natural saline fluid.
A comprehensive eye exam performed by Dr. Patel can diagnose retinal diseases or conditions, especially if you’re experience blurred vision or other symptoms of vision loss. Request a consultation using the online form or call one of our locations in New York City or on Long Island to schedule an appointment at 866-599-8774.
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